Why Was Bitcoin Created?

Bitcoin was created in 2009 by an unknown person or group of people using the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto. Its primary purpose was to provide a decentralised alternative to traditional currencies, allowing for secure, anonymous, and borderless transactions.

Why Was Bitcoin Created?


1. Introduction

2. What is Bitcoin?

3. The Problem with Traditional Currency

4. The Birth of Bitcoin

5. Key Features of Bitcoin

6. Why Was Bitcoin Created?

7. Bitcoin’s Impact on Society

8. Challenges and Criticisms Relating to Bitcoin

9. The Future of Bitcoin

10. Closing Thoughts

11. FAQs


If you ask any crypto trader, beginner or expert why they ventured into trading cryptocurrencies, we bet you Bitcoin must, somehow, make its way into their story.

As much as we have heard so much about this cryptocurrency, many people still don’t understand why it was created. In this article, we’ll give you the whole gist of why Bitcoin was created, how it was made, and its impact on society so far.

Before we get into it, let’s reintroduce you to the concept that is Bitcoin.

What is Bitcoin?

Bitcoin is a type of digital currency, often referred to as cryptocurrency. Unlike traditional currencies such as dollars or euros, Bitcoin is decentralised, which means it's not controlled by any single entity like a government or a bank.

Instead, Bitcoin operates on a peer-to-peer network, where transactions are directly between users without intermediaries. This is made possible by blockchain technology, which is essentially a public ledger that records all Bitcoin transactions.

Bitcoin was created in 2009 by an unknown person or group of people using the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto. Its primary purpose was to provide a decentralised alternative to traditional currencies, allowing for secure, anonymous, and borderless transactions.

The Problem with Traditional Currency

The problem with traditional currency, also known as fiat currency, is that it's controlled by governments and central banks without any physical backing, like gold or silver. This means its value is based on trust and faith in the issuing authority.

Fiat currencies are prone to inflation, where the value of money decreases over time, leading to a decrease in purchasing power. For example, if you had $100 twenty years ago, it could buy more than it can today due to inflation.

Another issue is that traditional currencies are centralised, meaning they're controlled by a single entity, making them vulnerable to manipulation and censorship. Traditional banking systems also involve intermediaries like banks, which can lead to delays, high fees, and restricted access, especially for those in developing countries without access to banking services.

Bitcoin was created to address these shortcomings of traditional currencies by providing a decentralised alternative that puts control back into the hands of individuals and removes the need for intermediaries, offering a more inclusive and efficient financial system for everyone.

The Birth of Bitcoin

The Birth of Bitcoin marked a groundbreaking moment in the history of finance. It all started in 2008 when a person (or a group of people) using the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto published a whitepaper titled "Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System." This whitepaper proposed a decentralised digital currency that could operate without the need for a central authority like a bank or government.

What is Cryptocurrency Whitepaper?
It’s a document that serves as a roadmap, explaining the idea behind a new cryptocurrency and how it plans to change the world.

Satoshi Nakamoto's vision was to create a currency that would be secure, transparent, and accessible to everyone, regardless of their location or financial status.

Bitcoin was officially launched in 2009 when the first block of the Bitcoin blockchain, known as the "genesis block," was mined. Nakamoto mined the initial batch of bitcoins but then vanished from the public eye, leaving the project in the hands of the growing community of developers and enthusiasts.

Since then, Bitcoin has gained widespread adoption and attention, with its value skyrocketing from mere cents to thousands of dollars per coin.

Satoshi Nakamoto's anonymity has led to much speculation. Still, their creation, Bitcoin, has profoundly impacted the world of finance and technology, inspiring the development of thousands of other cryptocurrencies and blockchain-based projects.

Key Features of Bitcoin

1. Decentralisation: Bitcoin operates on a decentralised network, meaning it is not controlled by any single entity like a government or bank. Instead, transactions are verified and recorded by a network of computers worldwide, known as miners, ensuring transparency and security without the need for intermediaries.

2. Limited Supply: Unlike traditional currencies that can be printed endlessly by governments, Bitcoin has a finite supply. There will only ever be 21 million Bitcoins in existence, making it resistant to inflation and preserving its value over time. Currently, over 19.57 million Bitcoins have been mined, leaving less than 1.5 million left to be mined. This scarcity has contributed to Bitcoin's value, which has seen significant growth over the years.

Why Are Bitcoin Transaction Fees Increasing?
On May 1st, 2023, YCharts showed a considerable rise in BTC transaction fees, hitting a high of $7.24 on May 3rd. Here are two reasons for the surge.

3. Blockchain Technology: Bitcoin's transactions are recorded on a public ledger called the blockchain. This technology ensures transparency and constancy, as each transaction is linked to the previous one, creating a chain of blocks that cannot be altered without consensus from the network.

4. Pseudonymity: While Bitcoin transactions are recorded on the blockchain, the parties' identities are not directly tied to their transactions. Instead, users are identified by their unique digital addresses, providing a level of privacy and pseudonymity.

5. Peer-to-Peer Transactions: Bitcoin enables direct transactions between users without the need for intermediaries like banks. This reduces transaction fees and allows for greater financial inclusion, especially in regions with limited access to traditional banking services.

What is P2P Trading: A Simple Guide for Crypto Traders and Users
(P2P) trading is a way of buying and selling cryptocurrencies where traders buy and sell directly with each other on a crypto app or website.

6. Security: Bitcoin transactions are secured by cryptographic techniques, making it virtually impossible for unauthorised parties to manipulate or counterfeit transactions. The decentralised nature of the network also makes it resilient to hacking attacks, as there is no single point of failure.

7. Global Accessibility: Bitcoin can be accessed and used by anyone with an internet connection, regardless of geographical location or socioeconomic status. This opens up opportunities for individuals in countries with unstable currencies or limited banking infrastructure to participate in the global economy.

8. Volatility: Bitcoin's price is known for its volatility, meaning it can fluctuate dramatically over short periods. While this volatility presents opportunities for traders to profit, it also carries risks for investors. Factors such as market demand, regulatory developments, and macroeconomic trends influence Bitcoin's price movements.

9. Fixed Transactions: Once a transaction is confirmed and added to the blockchain, it cannot be reversed or tampered with. This fixity ensures the integrity of the Bitcoin network and provides a reliable record of transactions.

10. Censorship Resistance: Bitcoin transactions cannot be censored or blocked by governments or other authorities, as long as users have access to the internet. This feature makes Bitcoin especially valuable in regions where financial freedom is restricted or where censorship is prevalent.

11. Irreversible Transactions: Once a Bitcoin transaction is confirmed and added to the blockchain, it cannot be reversed. This is in contrast to traditional payment methods like credit cards, where chargebacks are possible. Irreversibility protects merchants against fraudulent chargebacks, but users must exercise caution when sending Bitcoin.

12. Innovative Potential: Beyond its use as a digital currency, Bitcoin's underlying technology, blockchain, has sparked innovation across various industries. Applications include smart contracts, supply chain management, identity verification, and decentralised finance (DeFi). These innovations can potentially reshape traditional systems and increase efficiency and transparency.

Smart Contracts; Applications and Risks
Smart contracts are self-executing programs that reside on the blockchain. They were first proposed in 1994 by Nick Szabo, an American computer scientist.

Why Was Bitcoin Created?

We already know that Bitcoin is an innovative concept in finance and technology. But why exactly was it created? Let's look at some of the reasons behind the creation of Bitcoin.

1. Decentralisation:

Bitcoin was created to challenge the traditional banking system, which relies on centralised authorities like banks and governments to control transactions. Satoshi Nakamoto, the pseudonymous creator of Bitcoin, envisioned a decentralised system where no single entity had control. This decentralisation means that transactions can occur directly between users without intermediaries, reducing fees and increasing privacy.

2. Transparency:

Another reason for Bitcoin's creation was to bring transparency to financial transactions. Every Bitcoin transaction is recorded on a public ledger called the blockchain, which is accessible to anyone. This transparency ensures that transactions are verifiable and cannot be tampered with, reducing the risk of fraud and corruption.

3. Limited Supply:

Unlike traditional currencies that can be printed endlessly by central banks, Bitcoin has a limited supply. There will only ever be 21 million Bitcoins in existence, making it a deflationary currency. This scarcity is built into the Bitcoin protocol and was designed to prevent inflation and preserve the currency’s value over time.

4. Peer-to-Peer Transactions:

Bitcoin was created to enable peer-to-peer transactions without the need for intermediaries. This means that individuals can send and receive payments directly without relying on banks or payment processors. Peer-to-peer transactions are faster, cheaper, and more secure than traditional methods, making Bitcoin an attractive alternative for people worldwide.

5. Financial Inclusion:

One of the goals of Bitcoin's creation was to increase financial inclusion, especially for those who are underserved or excluded by the traditional banking system. With Bitcoin, anyone with an internet connection can participate in the global economy, regardless of location or financial status. This has the potential to empower millions of people who are currently excluded from the traditional financial system.

Bitcoin's Impact on Society

Since its inception, Bitcoin has profoundly impacted various aspects of society, reshaping how we perceive and interact with money, technology, and even governance. Here's a breakdown of some key ways in which Bitcoin has influenced society:

1. Financial Inclusion:

Bitcoin has opened up new avenues for financial inclusion, especially for those who are unbanked or underbanked. With traditional banking systems often inaccessible or costly for many people, Bitcoin provides a decentralised alternative allowing individuals to store, send, and receive money without needing a traditional bank account. According to recent estimates, there are over 1.7 billion unbanked adults worldwide, and Bitcoin offers them a way to participate in the global economy.

2. Empowerment of Individuals:

By decentralising control over money, Bitcoin empowers individuals to have greater control over their own finances. With Bitcoin, individuals can be their own bank, managing their funds without relying on intermediaries such as banks or financial institutions. This empowers individuals to transact directly with one another, bypassing traditional gatekeepers and reducing transaction fees.

3. Borderless Transactions:

Bitcoin surpasses geographical boundaries, enabling borderless transactions that are not subject to the limitations of traditional financial systems. Whether you're sending money to a family member in another country or purchasing goods and services from overseas, Bitcoin offers a seamless and cost-effective means of conducting cross-border transactions. This has significant implications for global trade and remittances, with Bitcoin offering a faster and more efficient alternative to traditional payment methods.

4. Financial Sovereignty:

Bitcoin promotes the concept of financial sovereignty, whereby individuals have complete control over their own money and are not subject to the mercies of centralised authorities. With Bitcoin, governments or financial institutions cannot seize or freeze funds, protecting against censorship and asset forfeiture. This has important implications for individuals living in countries with unstable or authoritarian regimes, where access to traditional financial services may be restricted.

Top 10 Crypto-Friendly Countries In 2023
There are over 420 million crypto users worldwide. Here are the top 10 Crypto-Friendly Countries in 2023.

5. Innovation and Entrepreneurship:

The emergence of Bitcoin has sparked a wave of innovation and entrepreneurship in the fintech sector, driving the development of new technologies and business models. From blockchain-based applications to decentralised finance (DeFi) platforms, the Bitcoin ecosystem has paved the way for countless startups and projects seeking to transform how we think about money and finance. This has the potential to drive economic growth and create new opportunities for entrepreneurs around the world.

Challenges and Criticisms Relating to Bitcoin

1. Instability:

Bitcoin's value can fluctuate wildly over short periods, making it a risky investment. For example, in 2017, its value soared to nearly $20,000 before plunging to around $3,000 in 2018. Such instability can discourage people from using it as a stable store of value or medium of exchange.

2. Security Concerns:

While Bitcoin transactions are secured by cryptography, the exchanges where bitcoins are bought, sold, and stored can be vulnerable to hacking. Several high-profile thefts have occurred, highlighting the need for strong security measures.

The 6 Biggest Bitcoin Crashes In Crypto History
On June 19th, 2011, BTC was trading at $17.50 when Mt Gox was hacked, causing Bitcoin to be sold for a single penny. This price crash of 99.9% was probably the worst in crypto history.

3. Scalability Issues:

Bitcoin's blockchain has a limited capacity to process transactions, leading to congestion during high demand. This can result in slower confirmation times and higher transaction fees, hindering its ability to scale effectively for widespread adoption.

4. Environmental Impact:

The process of mining bitcoins consumes significant amounts of energy, leading to concerns about its environmental impact. Some estimates suggest that Bitcoin mining consumes more electricity than entire countries, raising questions about its sustainability in the face of climate change concerns.

5. Lack of Regulation:

Bitcoin operates in a largely unregulated environment, which can attract illicit activities such as money laundering and tax evasion. The absence of regulatory oversight also leaves consumers vulnerable to fraud and scams, as there are limited options in case of disputes.

How To Avoid Crypto Scams In 2024
“If you invest in this project, you’ll get daily returns of 20% or more!” Offers like this are a total red flag; you should simply run the other way.

6. Legal Uncertainty:

The legal status of Bitcoin varies from country to country, with some embracing it as a legitimate form of currency or asset, while others impose restrictions or outright bans. This inconsistency creates uncertainty for businesses and individuals looking to transact with or invest in Bitcoin.

7. Adoption Challenges:

Despite its potential benefits, widespread adoption of Bitcoin faces issues such as technological barriers, lack of understanding among the general population, and resistance from established financial institutions. Overcoming these challenges will be crucial for Bitcoin to fulfill its vision as a decentralised digital currency accessible to all.

The Future of Bitcoin

The future of Bitcoin looks promising, with potential developments and integration into mainstream finance in sight. One significant aspect of its future lies in its potential to become widely accepted as a form of payment.

Several major companies, including Microsoft, PayPal, and Overstock.com, accept Bitcoin as a means of payment for goods and services. This trend is likely to continue as more businesses recognise the benefits of accepting Bitcoin, such as lower transaction fees and faster international payments.

Moreover, technological advancements could improve Bitcoin's scalability and efficiency, addressing concerns about its ability to handle a growing number of transactions. Additionally, institutional adoption of Bitcoin is increasing, with investment firms and hedge funds starting to include Bitcoin in their portfolios.

This institutional interest could further legalise Bitcoin as an asset class and attract more investors. Furthermore, governments worldwide are exploring the potential of central bank digital currencies (CBDCs), with some considering using blockchain technology similar to Bitcoin.

Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs) and Their Impact So Far
CBDCs are the digital forms of a country’s fiat currency, issued and regulated by its central bank. Unlike cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin or Ethereum, CBDCs are backed by the full faith and credit of the issuing government, making them a sovereign and secure form of digital currency.

Closing Thoughts

It is intriguing that Bitcoin is achieving some of the things that initiated its creation. One can conclusively say that this pioneer cryptocurrency paved the way for blockchain technology and its advancements and set the ball rolling for other innovative projects that function on decentralised systems.

We can say that Bitcoin is the biggest celebrity of all the cryptocurrencies, and this global recognition was brought about by its constant ascending value and its position as the first cryptocurrency ever to be created.

Do you think that Bitcoin has a negative or positive future? With Bitcoin halving around the corner, there have been a lot of market speculations. What are yours?


Q1. What is a Bitcoin wallet?

A1. A Bitcoin wallet is a digital tool that allows you to store, send, and receive bitcoins. It contains a pair of cryptographic keys: a public key (similar to an email address) for receiving bitcoins and a private key (like a password) for authorising transactions.

Q2. How do you acquire Bitcoin?

A2. You can acquire Bitcoin through various means, including purchasing it on cryptocurrency exchanges, accepting it as payment for goods or services, or mining it through computational processes.

Q3. Is Bitcoin legal?

A3. The legality of Bitcoin varies from country to country. While some nations embrace Bitcoin and have regulations to govern its use, others have imposed restrictions or outright bans.

Q4. Can Bitcoin be hacked?

A5. While individual Bitcoin wallets can be vulnerable to hacking if proper security measures are not taken, the Bitcoin network itself has never been hacked. Its decentralised nature and cryptographic protocols make it highly secure.

Q5. What is Bitcoin mining?

A5. Bitcoin mining is the process through which new bitcoins are created and transactions are validated on the blockchain. Miners use powerful computers to solve complex mathematical puzzles, and in return, they are rewarded with newly minted bitcoins.

Q6. What determines the price of Bitcoin?

A6. The price of Bitcoin is determined by supply and demand dynamics in the market. Factors such as investor sentiment, adoption rates, regulatory developments, and macroeconomic trends can influence its price.

Q7. Can I lose my Bitcoin?

A7. Yes, if you lose access to your Bitcoin wallet or forget your private keys, you may lose access to your Bitcoins permanently. It's essential to store your keys securely and back up your wallet to prevent loss.

Q8. Is Bitcoin anonymous?

A8. While Bitcoin transactions are pseudonymous, meaning they are not directly linked to real-world identities, it’s not entirely anonymous. With sufficient analysis, tracing transactions back to individuals may be possible.

Q9. How can I spend Bitcoin?

A9. You can spend Bitcoin at merchants that accept it as payment, both online and in physical stores. Additionally, there are Bitcoin debit cards that allow you to convert Bitcoin into traditional currencies for spending.

Q10. Is Bitcoin the only cryptocurrency?

A10. No, there are thousands of cryptocurrencies besides Bitcoin, each with its own unique features and use cases. Some popular alternatives include Ethereum, Ripple, and Litecoin.

Disclaimer: This article was written by the writer to provide guidance and understanding of cryptocurrency trading. It is not an exhaustive article and should not be taken as financial advice. Obiex will not be held liable for your investment decisions.